"The powers of a man's mind are directly proportioned to the quantity of coffee he drinks."

- Sir James Mackintosh

1.4 billion cups of coffee are drunk around the world every day.

At the end of the 16th century records show there were at least 500 cafes in Istanbul alone. The first European cafes were opened by immigrants from Asia around 1650.

World coffee consumption is 4.6kg per year per head ­ the average in the European Union is 5.6kg.

When it is in bloom, the coffee tree is covered with 30,000 white flowers which begin to develop into fruit after 24-36 hours.

A coffee tree has a lifespan of about 50 years.

There are 73 species of coffee tree, but only 2 are cultivated: arabica and canephora. There are 200 varieties of arabica and 50 of canephora, of which only 5 are grown commercially, including robusta.

The coffee cherries turn from yellow to orange and then bright red when they ripen, 6-8 weeks after flowering.

There are 900 different flavours of arabica. Complex and very volatile, they deteriorate of exposed to air and light.

"Cafedomancy" is the science of reading the future in coffee grounds.

Coffee is the second-most traded commodity in the world economy, after oil.

Most of the world's coffee is grown by small-scale coffee farming families.

It takes 42 coffee beans to make an espresso.

On average, men drink more coffee than women.

Bach wrote a coffee cantata in 1732.

Over 25 million people are employed in the coffee industry.

Coffee grows in more than 50 countries.

The first European coffee was sold in pharmacies as a medical remedy.

More than a third of the world's coffee is exported to the USA.

1 kilogram of roasted coffee requires 4,000 - 5,000 coffee beans.

In the 17th century, the first coffee house opened in London known as "penny universities" because a person could buy a cup of coffee for 1 cent and learn more at the coffee house than in class! The London Stock Exchange grew from one of these coffee houses.